Environmental review

Goals to 2025

by 27% Reduction of specific effluents (to 4.4 m3 per tonne of finished and semi-finished products)
by 23.7% Reduction of specific pollutant emissions (to 0.800 kg per tonne of finished and semi-finished products)
to 40% Increase in the share of recycled and decontaminated hazard class 1–4 waste

Goals to 2028

by 30.9% Reduction of specific GHG emissions (to 109.1 kg of СО2 equivalent per tonne of finished and semi-finished products)
by 14% Reduction of total GHG emissions (Scopes 1, 2, and 3)

Global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Approach to environmental management

Key principles and obligations

102-12 103

Effective environmental management is a key factor of the Company’s long-term sustainability, impacting PhosAgro’s ability to set and achieve goals, be a socially responsible business, and balance its obligations to a wide range of stakeholders.

The key priorities set out in PhosAgro’s Environmental Policy are careful use of natural resources and reduction of the environmental footprint. PhosAgro understands that our environmental impact may potentially affect a wide range of stakeholders and has therefore carried out a comprehensive assessment of its operations to identify key areas of this impact, both direct and indirect, and map them against the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

We seek to ensure compliance with environmental regulations throughout the whole life cycle of a fertilizer, from our ore to the food on our end consumers’ plates. PhosAgro strives to produce fertilizers in a safe and eco-friendly manner, thus contributing to the sustainable agricultural development worldwide. Committed to continuous improvement, the Group keeps working to lessen the environmental impact of its production operations and across the value chain.

Focus areas of the environmental strategy
Focus area PhosAgro’s obligations
Reducing environmental impact
  • Minimise environmental risks at all stages of investment projects and along the production chain
  • Use the best available techniques and environmental monitoring solutions in the regions of operation
  • Raise the staff environmental awareness
Preserving natural eco-systems
  • Take steps to prevent climate change and save resources
  • Preserve biodiversity, natural landscapes, and habitats across the Company’s footprint
  • When developing new sites, take measures to reduce the area disturbed as a result of operating and other activities, protect wildlife migration routes, freshwater ecosystems and spawning streams
  • Make sure no activities take place in specially protected natural areas or conservation areas, traditional territories of indigenous peoples, natural world heritage sites, and wetlands of international importance (the Ramsar List)
Further improving environmental management
  • Comply with environmental laws
Partnering to reduce environmental footprint of our products
  • Hold all partners in the supply chain responsible for their environmental impact
  • Communicate and foster dialogue with all stakeholders involved in environmental protection, stage public discussions of design documents for future facilities

Environmental management

PhosAgro’s environmental management system embraces key management levels and all production stages, from development to product release. It also standardises requirements for production management at the Company’s facilities.

By implementing a consistent approach in line with international environmental standards, each subsidiary contributes greatly to its own and the Company’s environmental performance and sustainable development.

Treating the enterprise’s operations as a set of processes can boost its efficiency through optimising internal and external interactions, preventing critical excesses at all stages of production, continuously monitoring the quality of raw materials and measuring production parameters. Compliance with environmental standards is achieved by constantly measuring parameters, monitoring and automating production processes and conducting rapid assessments of the operating environment.

Environmental management framework
Management level Structural unit Management approach
Group level
The Board of Directors
  • defines the Company’s environmental policy and sets strategic goals to ensure environmental protection and reduce the negative impact of its operations
The Environmental, Health and Safety Committee and Sustainable Development Committee of the Board of Directors
  • is responsible for planning, identifying key focus areas for environmental management, tracking progress, and assessing results
Apatit’s Department of Ecology and Environmental Management
  • is responsible for general management, organisation and coordination of efforts to continuously enhance environmental management
Subsidiary level
  • To honour its commitment to the ongoing environmental improvement, the Company has established dedicated monitoring and management functions at its subsidiaries and their branches
  • Environmental protection officers were appointed at the Company’s production operation
  • Production units, which have the greatest environmental impact, have introduced a procedure for identifying and assessing risks and opportunities. Based on the results, we develop measures to bring risks pertaining to significant environmental aspects to an acceptable level
  • Managers and experts responsible for making operational and other decisions that may adversely affect the environment take a specially designed training course in environmental safety. Only specially trained employees are cleared to handle hazard class 1–4 waste


Environmental compliance is key to running a responsible business.

PhosAgro’s environmental management practices ensure our compliance with the applicable environmental and nature conservation regulations. To that end, the Company has developed an internal and external control framework, which includes internal audit and external compliance reviews, a reporting system designed in accordance with legislative requirements, and a staff training system.

All our facilities that have an adverse environmental impact are included in dedicated state registers, with relevant categories assigned to them. PhosAgro has all necessary permits in place for each of these facilities.

Assessment, analysis, and monitoring

The Company continuously monitors the impact of its operations to ensure compliance with environmental regulations. At all stages of production, we take the following steps to evaluate our environmental performance: control atmospheric emissions at the source, monitor air quality near sanitary protection zones, monitor pollutants in waste-waters discharged into water bodies, keep records of areas used to store production and consumption waste for all of the Company’s assets, including the operations of contractors.

Monitoring is based on dedicated programmes in effect at each of the Company’s production assets. The results are submitted to local environmental monitoring authorities in the regions where the Company operates. In case of deviations from the standards, the Company develops corrective measures. The monitoring results are used as a basis for:

  • investment decisions and financial planning;
  • initiatives aimed at reducing the impact of production operations;
  • assessing the achieved effects;
  • identifying and controlling environmental issues, determining risks and opportunities, developing and implementing risk management and response activities.

Environmental risk management is subject to regular assessment by the Board of Directors. The assessment serves as a basis for updating risk factors and their descriptions, as well as for developing new risk management activities, bringing forward new initiatives, and introducing policies.

Engaging stakeholders in the planning process is an important part of the environmental management. Public hearings are a legitimate and effective mechanism for establishing dialogue with stakeholders using a discussion platform to express their opinions and make suggestions on the initiatives under consideration. This mechanism has a positive and constructive impact on the decision-making process. Engaging the general public and an array of stakeholders in discussion helps ensure that all points of view are considered.

PhosAgro public hearings coverage
2019 2020
Number of public hearings 13 13
Average number of participants per hearing 102.7 42.9

Permits, certificates, and confirmation of compliance with international environmental standards

The Company’s production sites hold all necessary licences and permits related to environmental protection.

We pass audits in accordance with ISO 9001:2015, ISO 14001:2015, OHSAS 18001, and GMP+ to ascertain the efficiency of our product life-cycle management.

Our facilities have also put in place a procedure to manage internal environmental audits. Every year, they develop internal audit programmes taking into account the environmental significance of the reviewed processes, changes affecting the facility and previous audit outcomes. The audits provide input data for the management to analyse environmental management efficiency.

It is important to note that PhosAgro’s environmental management system, as well as internal and external audit processes coupled with performance monitoring and evaluation by the management help identify potential improvement areas by means of a dedicated procedure for taking corrective actions.

Products exported to EU customers have been registered pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals (REACH). The quality of mineral fertilizers produced by the Company is confirmed by state registration certificates, declarations of conformity, and safety data sheets. According to expert reviews, new fertilizer grades are effective and environmentally and toxicologically safe. The products are properly classified, labelled and packaged in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP Regulation).

Mineral fertilizers produced by Apatit are subject to mandatory state registration of agrochemicals by the Russian Ministry of Agriculture. All grades of Apatit’s mineral fertilizers registered in Russia passed a mandatory examination for compliance with toxicological and hygienic, biological, environmental, and sanitary and epidemiological standards. The examination was performed by experts of the F.F. Erisman Federal Research Centre of Hygiene, D.N. Pryanishnikov All-Russian Research Institute of Agrochemistry, Rosprirodnadzor and Lomonosov Moscow State University, and Rospotrebnadzor, respectively.

ISO 14001 certification of all production sites is scheduled for 2021.

In 2020, the Balakovo branch and Apatit JSC (Vologda Region):

confirmed the compliance of their environmental management system with ISO 14001:2015;

were certified for compliance with IFA’s Protect and Sustain international standard (the certification scope was expanded from the previous year); similar to the Cherepovets production site, the Balakovo branch had the highest score (a total of 97.8 out of 100).

Spending on environmental protection, RUB mln
Item 2018 2019 2020
Total 8,210.0 9,059.5 8,120.3
Operating costs of environmental protection (form 4-OS) 4,587.7 4,351.9 4,825.3
Investments in fixed assets aimed at environmental protection (form 18-KS) 986.3 4,221.9 3,120.4
Environmental impact payments 156.3 165.3 174.6
Environmental fines and damages 0.6 0.79/2.12 0.02
Investments in fixed assets aimed at environmental protection (not included in form 18-KS) 2,479.1 317.5

The decrease in spending on environmental protection in 2020 is associated with the completion of a large-scale project to construct the in-pit crushing and conveying system of the Koashvinsky open pit in 2019. The project’s capital expenditures were included in the item “Investments in fixed assets aimed at environmental protection”. In addition, there are several major projects underway to be accounted for in subsequent periods.

In 2020, Apatit paid a fine for exceeding the dust generation rate at the beneficiation waste disposal facilities (tailing) of the Kirovsk branch.

In 2020, Apatit received legal claim from Balto-Arctic transregional department of Federal Service of Environmental management. The claim was under court proceeding during 2020.

Environmental impact payments, RUB mln
year atmosphere aquatic environment waste TOTAL over-limit share of over-limit in total payments
MPE TPE O-limit SPD TPD O-limit Limit O-limit
2018 2.534 0 0.740 1.225 9.066 0.836 140.615 1.326 156.343 2.902 1.860
2019 2.467 0 0 1.644 3.286 0 157.880 0 165.227 0 0
2020 2.901 0 0 2.165 0 169.487 0 174.553 0 0

Legislative and administrative framework

None of PhosAgro’s enterprises uses ozone-depleting substances in the production process. A small amount (not more than 250 kg/year) of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) is used in laboratory testing.

We do not undertake cross-border hazardous waste transportation and our production sites are not situated in protected areas. Hence, there are no significant restrictions on our operations.

Environmentally responsible procurement policy


PhosAgro Group checks its potential suppliers for compliance with social and environmental requirements set out in the Code of Conduct for Counterparties.

The Company takes the following steps to make sure all sourced inputs and materials are eco-efficient:

incoming quality control;
contractor and supplier compliance;
additional checks.

Incoming quality control

The list of industrial and technical products subject to incoming control is made on a daily basis. For a chemical product, a document containing information on its environmental and toxicological safety is a safety data sheet.

Safety data sheets for chemical products are reviewed by professional experts and included in product specifications. They provide consumers with details on chemical products’ safe usage, storage, transportation, and utilisation, as well as their safe usage by households. Safety data sheets contain reliable information in an accessible and concise form, sufficient for the consumer to take necessary measures to ensure the protection of human health and safety in the workplace, as well as environmental protection throughout the entire life cycle of chemical products.

All supplies undergo quality testing. If needed, the Company may request third-party centres to perform sample testing within their scope of certification.

Contractor compliance

Safety data sheets, technical quality control reports, certificates of quality management compliance with ISO 9001:2011 (ISO 9001:2008, EAEU technical regulations, MSDS) to assure product quality.

Employment of materials and equipment compliant with Russian quality standards (rules and regulations), certified by manufacturers and permitted for use in Russia.

Compliance with applicable regulations on freight storage and transport by road and rail.

Additional checks

The Company’s experts perform additional checks and assessments of potential suppliers if required for a specific tender. They may include a request to confirm the availability of production capacities and technologies, staff qualifications, licences, certificates, including ISO ones, and technical audit reports. An executive responsible for environmental management recommends an appropriate solution with regard to environmental safety.

2020 initiatives to implement PhosAgro’s environmental responsibility principles

  • Development and publication of the Code of Conduct for Counterparties setting out key environmental, governance and social requirements for suppliers and contractors, including those covering human rights and modern slavery issues.
  • Development of a questionnaire with more than 60 ESG indicators to evaluate suppliers (contractors), conducting of the first ESG survey and preparation of the ESG rating of the Company’s suppliers and contractors. Currently, the survey covers over 4% of the total procurement, and we plan to increase this share going forward.
  • Stipulation of the procedures for assigning and regularly reviewing ESG ratings of suppliers and contractors in the Company’s internal regulations.

2021 targets

  • Automating the assignment and regular review of supplier and contractor ESG ratings
  • Adding the ratings to the counterparty selection criteria
  • Revising the supplier audit procedure to incorporate ESG requirements
  • Revising contracts to include a reference to the Code of Conduct for Counterparties
  • Considering the expediency of introducing the share of ESG-evaluated suppliers and contractors and their average ESG rating as potential KPIs for the Procurement Department

2020 highlights

Emissions into the atmosphere

PhosAgro’s emissions management system seeks to comply with national air pollution regulations, ensure air quality in sanitary protection areas near production sites, and upgrade the Company’s capacities using the best available techniques.

The Group takes part in the nationwide Clean Air initiative, which aims to drastically reduce air pollution in major industrial cities.

PhosAgro’s strategic goal is to achieve a 23.7% reduction in pollutant emissions per tonne vs 2018 by 2025.

Unit pollutant emissions in 2020 remain close to the level of 2019. The uptick is due to the accounting for the impact the in-pit crushing and conveying system at the Koashvinsky open pit of the Vostochny mine has on air. Subject to accounting since 2020, the pit’s dust emissions have exceeded 1 kt (+3% to the Group’s total emissions). The environmental effect of 2020 measures to reduce pollutant emissions will be determined in 2021 based on the achieved results.

Pollutant emissions, kg per tonne of finished and semi-finished products

PhosAgro’s strategic goal is to achieve a 23.7% reduction in specific pollutant emissions vs 2018 by 2025.

Initiatives implemented in 2019–2020 to achieve the target
Activity Environmental effect Terms of implementation
Volkhov branch
The Company’s project to install a station for continuous automatic air quality control Obtaining objective, reliable, real time data on air quality and information on the sources of pollution, forecasting 2020
Installation of equipment to treat waste gases on par with the best available techniques as part of the effort to modernise the wet-process phosphoric acid production unit and increase its capacity to 450 ktpa Maintaining per unit emission of gaseous fluorides on par with the best available techniques included in the best available technique guidelines (ITS2-2015) (0.31 kg/t)

Q2 2020 (Stage 1),

Q4 2021 (Stage 2)

Installation of equipment to treat waste gases as part of the construction of an 800 ktpa sulphuric acid facility Maintaining SO2 emissions on par with the best available techniques (1.292 kg/t) Q4 2021
Balakovo branch
re-equipping technological systems No. 5 and 6 of the phosphate fertilizers unit Stage 1 targeted reduction in pollutant emissions of 0.1 kt Q2 2021
Kirovsk branch
Dust suppression on tailing dump surfaces Reducing emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere

NOX, SOX, and other significant air emissions, t

Kirovsk branch of Apatit
Pollutants 2018 2019 2020
Solids 5,752.8 3,734.1 5,148.6
Sulphur dioxide 3,326.0 3,458.3 3,104.0
Carbon monoxide 792.1 477.6 711.1
Nitrogen oxides (NOx as NO2) 1,760.1 1,534.8 1,012.2
Hydrocarbons (w/o VOCs) 8.0
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) 24.5 16.1 19.0
Other gaseous and liquid pollutants 0.1 0.1 0.5
Total 11,656.1 9,221.1 10,003.4
Balakovo branch of Apatit
Pollutants 2018 2019 2020
Solids 410.7 410.8 429.5
Sulphur dioxide 4,115.2 4,293.7 4,432.1
Carbon monoxide 836.6 782.8 870.0
Nitrogen oxides (NOx as NO2) 737.7 724.1 746.9
Hydrocarbons (w/o VOCs) 2.6 2.6 2.6
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) 337.9 340.0 340.1
Other gaseous and liquid pollutants 509.8 448.5 465.1
Total 6,950.4 7,002.4 7,286.2


Implementation of the Comprehensive Plan to Reduce Pollutant Emissions and the Programme to Optimise Water Use During Production Upgrade in 2020–2025
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Volkhov branch of Apatit
Pollutants 2018 2019 2020
Solids 622.0 610.4 461.7
Sulphur dioxide 155.0 161.7 180.8
Carbon monoxide 65.0 73.3 92.4
Nitrogen oxides (NOx as NO2) 323.0 149.8 283.1
Hydrocarbons (w/o VOCs) 0 0 0
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) 3.0 3.4 4.6
Other gaseous and liquid pollutants 48.0 163.9 46.2
Total 1,216.5 1,162.5 1,068.9
Apatit (Vologda region)
Pollutants 2018 2019 2020
Solids 1,043.3 1,356.3 917.3
Sulphur dioxide 3,764.4 3,297.4 3,367.2
Carbon monoxide 1,221.8 1,476.3 1,573.5
Nitrogen oxides (NOx as NO2) 2,980.1 2,309.2 2,540.0
Hydrocarbons (w/o VOCs) 145.2 37.8 38.1
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) 5.4 2.8 2.2
Other gaseous and liquid pollutants 3,241.9 3,009.1 3,392.6
Total 12,402.2 11,488.9 11,830.7
Pollutants 2018 2019 2020
Solids 7,828.5 6,111.7 6,957.1
Sulphur dioxide 11,361.1 11,211.1 11,084.0
Carbon monoxide 2,915.6 2,810.0 3,247.0
Nitrogen oxides (NOx as NO2) 5,801.2 4,717.9 4,582.1
Hydrocarbons (w/o VOCs) 147.8 40.4 48.7
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) 371.3 362.3 365.8
Other gaseous and liquid pollutants 3,799.8 3,621.5 3,904.3
Total 32,225.2 28,874.9 30,189.0

Greenhouse gases


Environmental protection, including climate related matters, and efficient use of resources are among the Company’s strategic priorities. The Group is committed to tackling greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. At PhosAgro, we work continuously towards accomplishing these objectives.

In 2020, as part of a project to scientifically verify and prioritise the UN SDGs, we added SDG 13 Climate Action to the list of priority goals the Company will be contributing to.

The responsibility to consider and make decisions on climate action has been vested with the Environmental, Health and Safety Committee, chaired by a member of the Company’s Board of Directors, an Executive Director. The committee’s climate functions include monitoring greenhouse gas emissions, as well as developing and implementing projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, including initiatives to improve energy efficiency at PhosAgro’s production facilities.

GHG emissions, СО2 eq. (direct), Scope 1, kt Greenhouse gas emissions are given in СО2 equivalent The calculation includes the following list of gases: СО2, СН4, NO2
2018 2019 2020
Kirovsk branch 583.1 636.3 646.4
Balakovo branch 157.9 152.6 170.0
Volkhov branch 118.4 121.3 111.4
Apatit (Vologda region) 3,995.8 3,746.1 3,811.5
Total 4,855.3 4,656.3 4,739.4
GHG emissions, СО2 eq. (indirect), Scope 2, ktGreenhouse gas emissions are given in СО2 equivalent The calculation includes the following list of gases: СО2, СН4, NO2
2018 2019 2020
Kirovsk branch 815.8 856.7 856.3
Balakovo branch 63.1 66.0 61.5
Volkhov branch 72.4 71.7 75.5
Apatit (Vologda region) 164.3 197.0 228.0
Total 1,115.6 1,191.4 1,221.3

Scope 1 GHG emissions per tonne of output have been decreasing. Total Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions have been rising due to production growth.

PhosAgro has set a 14% reduction target for total GHG emissions (Scope 1, 2, and 3) by 2028. The target for the Scope 1 GHG emissions per unit of output is set at 109.1 kg of СО2 equivalent per tonne of finished and semi-finished products, down by 30.9% compared to the 2018 baseline.

Climate Strategy

PhosAgro’s Climate Strategy was developed in 2020 and approved by the Company’s Board of Directors. It provides an analysis of climate scenarios in line with the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), identifies climate risks and opportunities, sets scientifically verified targets for GHG emissions, and outlines measures to achieve them – a low carbon transition plan.

The Strategy also includes provisions for interacting with participants in the Company’s value chain, including a supplier engagement concept. The main purpose of the interaction provisions is to manage GHG emissions across the value chain by providing relevant data that will allow the Company to regulate internal corporate processes and activities and guide suppliers and consumers on reducing GHG emissions.

The Climate Strategy is aimed at ensuring the adoption and implementation of obligations and an end-to-end efficiency enhancement measures by the Company in the face of growing climate change and tightening of environmental regulations for businesses.

As part of its priorities, PhosAgro’s Climate Strategy seeks to

Expand the ranks of climate-responsible businesses in Russia and globally by responsible supplier selection

Reduce the climate risks of production and business processes and use potential climate opportunities to develop and strengthen the Company’s business

Increase the Group’s openness and transparency, including by expanding cooperation with stakeholders and international platforms with a view to advancing the climate agenda

Include climate matters in the Company’s management and decision-making processes

By adopting and implementing its Climate Strategy, PhosAgro makes a new commitment to the global community and future generations – an essential requirement for ensuring the Company’s sustainable development in the modern world.

GHG emissions by production site (DIRECT), SCOPE 1

305-4 305-5
Apatit (Vologda region)
Item 2018 2019 2020
Total GHG emissions, t 3,995,830 3,746,069 3,811,534
GHG emissions, kg per tonne of finished and semi-finished products 295.2 261.9 246.4
Balakovo branch of Apatit
Item 2018 2019 2020
Total GHG emissions, t 157,886 152,632 170,024
GHG emissions, kg per tonne of finished and semi-finished products 28.4 25.7 27.9
Volkhov branch of Apatit
Item 2018 2019 2020
Total GHG emissions, t 118,396 121,325 111,415
GHG emissions, kg per tonne of finished and semi-finished products 181.5 197.4 179.5
Kirovsk branch of Apatit
Item 2018 2019 2020
Total GHG emissions, t 583,144 636,303 646,395
GHG emissions, kg per tonne of finished and semi-finished products 53.0 54.7 55.5
Item 2018 2019 2020
Total GHG emissions, t 4,855,256 4,656,329 4,739,368
GHG emissions, kg per tonne of finished and semi-finished products 158.0 143.3 140.1



Waste management is an integral part of PhosAgro’s comprehensive environmental management system.

Action taken to achieve waste management targets

The Cherepovets site is upgrading its aluminium fluoride plant, with its capacity to be expanded to 70 ktpa, to ensure the use of all the fluorine extracted as part of phosphate rock processing, reduce lime consumption in treating effluents, and decrease the generation and disposal of fluorine-containing waste.

At Balakovo, in 2020, Wet-Process Phosphoric Acid Unit No. 3 started treating acidic waste water coming from the site for waste and recyclables. With RUB 22.785 mln spent on the project, the initiative resulted in lower lime consumption in treating effluents and reduced generation of hazard class 4 waste.

Another project included developing and deploying a technology allowing to use phosphogypsum (phosphoric acid production waste) in road construction. In June 2020, IFA included this project in the Phosphogypsum: Leadership, Innovation, Partnership report as an innovative practice in waste by-product management illustrating transition to a circular economy.

We place major emphasis on safe operation of tailings, which are special hydraulic structures and equipment for storage and disposal of mineral processing wastes.

Share of recycled and decontaminated hazard class 1–4 waste, %

Based on the safety requirements for hydraulic structures approved by the Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Oversight (Rostekhnadzor) in 2018, the Company’s tailings have the highest safety level. This means that they fully meet the design requirements and applicable rules and regulations. The state of structures and foundations corresponds to the requirements. The tailings are operated in accordance with industrial safety laws and regulations as well as instructions of supervisory bodies.

Waste by type and disposal method

Kirovsk branch of Apatit, t
Disposal method 2018 2019 2020
Reused 21,274,068.0 19,656,977.0 18,641,022.0
Landfilled 67,117,451.0 81,635,022.6 102,425,569.5
Third-party recycled 16,933.2 15,665.9 15,286.0
Third-party decontaminated 9.8 166.0 171.6
Third-party landfilled 5,279.8 4,197.1 2,200.9
Third-party stored
Third-party processed
Disposal of beneficiation waste and overburden at Kirovsk branch, t
Reused Landfilled Third-party disposal
Third-party recycled Third-party decontaminated Third-party landfilled Third-party stored Third-party processed
2018, including 21,274,068.0 67,117,451.0 16,933.2 9.8 5,279.8
apatite-nepheline ore processing waste (tailings) 12,259,354.0 12,220,389.0
rocks and overburden mix 9,014,714.0 54,897,062.0
2019, including 19,656,977 81,635,022.6 15,665.861 165.949 4,197.13
apatite-nepheline ore processing waste (tailings) 12,500,635.0 12,560,903.0
rocks and overburden mix 7,156,342.0 69,073,827.0
2020, including 18,641,022.0 102,425,569.5 15,285.986 171.588 2,200.88
apatite-nepheline ore processing waste (tailings) 12,015,508.0 12,947,652.0
rocks and overburden mix 6,625,514.0 89,454,699.0
Balakovo branch of Apatit, t
Disposal method 2018 2019 2020
Reused 6,099.0 16,580.3 3,584.9
Landfilled 4,898,612.7 5,302,285.7 5,433,703.7
Third-party recycled 9,872.2 4,720.5 10,314.8
Third-party decontaminated 26.4 4.5 43.0
Third-party landfilled 372.0 257.0 211.9
Third-party stored
Third-party processed 1,381.5 2,906.1 1,590.9
Volkhov branch of Apatit, t
Disposal method 2018 2019 2020
Third-party recycled 115.5 43.9 17,765.0
Third-party decontaminated 0.4 0.3 0.3
Third-party landfilled 603.7 1,345.0 1,311.2
Third-party stored
Third-party processed 1,998.9
JSC Apatit (Vologda region), t
Disposal method 2018 2019 2020
Reused 2,970,411.4 3,195,192.6 3,232,425.4
Landfilled 2,767,144.9 2,856,356.6 2,912,609.9
Third-party recycled 12,984.1 17,266.3 9,011.9
Third-party decontaminated 39.6 100.7 47.5
Third-party landfilled 125.8 0
Third-party stored 0.7 0
Third-party processed 0
Total, t
Disposal method 2018 2019 2020
Reused 24,250,578.5 22,868,749.9 21,877,032.2
Landfilled 74,783,208.5 89,793,664.9 110,771,883.1
Third-party recycled 39,911.9 37,696.5 52,377.7
Third-party decontaminated 76.2 271.4 262.4
Third-party landfilled 6,255.5 6,039.9 3,724.0
Third-party stored 0.7 0 0
Third-party processed 3,380.5 1,381.5 1,590.9
Waste generation, tonne per tonne of finished and semi-finished products
Asset 2018 2019 2020
Total 3.2 3.5 3.9
Kirovsk branch 8.0 8.7 10.4
Balakovo branch 0.9 0.9 0.9
Volkhov branch 0.005 0.002 0.031
Cherepovets production site 0.4 0.4 0.4
Waste generation (hazard class 1–4), kg per tonne of finished and semi-finished products
Asset 2018 2019 2020
Total 5.8 6.1 5.4
Kirovsk branch 0.6 0.6 0.3
Balakovo branch 22.2 19.5 16.7
Volkhov branch 0.9 2.2 27.0
Cherepovets production site 3.4 5.2 3.8
Waste generation by hazard class, t
Waste hazard class Unit of measurement Total
2018 2019 2020
Total t 99,124,822.59 112,657,243.30 132,674,061.36
I t 7.48 7.636 6.485
II t 1.3 10.764 7.613
III t 1,256.626 1,938.625 1,070.645
IV t 176,359.19 196,725.824 180,439.544
V t 98,947,198.03 112,458,560.40 132,492,537.1
In 2020, the waste generation rate grew mostly due to increased generation of rock overburden mix because of a higher open pit mining share.


103 303-1

Our waste water management approach is focused on maximum reuse of water through closed-loop water recycling system and proper treatment of effluents discharged into water bodies in addition to continuous monitoring of water bodies in the regions of operation and aquatic life recovery.

The increase in waste water discharge was driven by heavier precipitation at the Kirovsk branch of Apatit that resulted in higher mining water discharges. From October 2019 to May 2020, the amount of snow fallen grew by 54.2% year-on-year. This led to higher water inflows across the branch sites during the thaw. At the same time, the Company’s overall water consumption has been on the decline in recent years. 

Waste water discharge, m3 per tonne of finished and semi-finished products

Water strategy

In 2020, PhosAgro developed a Water Strategy to improve its water management.

Its main objectives are as follows

Increasing water use efficiency

We optimise our own production processes and try to reclaim water without having to draw more and discharge treated waste water. Two plants, in Volkhov and Balakovo, have implemented arrangements that basically exclude the discharge of treated industrial waste water into surface water bodies. All water from the production cycle passes through a multi-stage treatment system and returns into production.

The Water Strategy contains a list of projects for each branch, including the following investment programmes:

  • Water efficiency improvement at Apatit (Vologda Region) during production upgrade in 2020–2025;
  • Reduction of discharge volumes and improvement of waste water quality at the Kirovsk branch of Apatit in 2019 and beyond;
  • Creation of a closed water circulation system at the Volkhov branch of Apatit (elimination of waste water discharge into the Volkhov River)

These activities have been consolidated into a single schedule

Thanks to long-term reductions in specific water intake and waste water discharge rates and to our investment programmes, we can set ambitious strategic goals for water protection.

For many years, we have been implementing joint riverside cleaning programmes with local volunteer associations.

Water intake reduction targets for 2018–2025 (per tonne of finished and semi-finished products)
Intake, m3per tonne of finished and semi-finished products
After planned arrangements 5.16
After planned and prospective arrangements 4.78
Waste water discharge reduction targets for 2018–2025 (per tonne of finished and semi-finished products)
Intake, m3 per tonne of finished and semi-finished products
After planned arrangements 4.16
After planned and prospective arrangements 3.93

Adopting a responsible and caring attitude towards water resources and water bodies as an integral part of the environment, with all of the Company’s personnel contributing to these goals

Pollutant discharges, kg per tonne of finished and semi-finished product
Total water withdrawal by source, ths m3
UoM Total
2018 2019 2020
Surface water
Total water withdrawal from surface sources, including: ths m3 176,300 145,179 170,862
process water ths m3 57,191 58,315 59,081
drinking water (internal use) ths m3 935 885 995
drinking water (for supplies to third parties) ths m3 498 466 399
mining water ths m3 111,213 79,933 104,475
drainage water ths m3 4,965 3,577 3,312
rainwater ths m3 1,498 2,002 2,600
Ground water
Water withdrawal from ground-water sources: ths m3 2,938 2,842 2,832
Water received from third-party suppliers
Total water received from third-party suppliers, including: ths m3 44,927 42,082 52,898
process water received from suppliers ths m3 25,491 27,546 28,443
water from municipal supply (internal use) ths m3 9,857 8,560 8,138
water from municipal supply (for supplies to third parties) ths m3 23 34 17
waste water from other waste-water discharge systems ths m3 9,556 5,943 16,300
TOTAL ths m3 224,166 190,104 226,592
Measurement of total and specific water withdrawal including and excluding mining and drainage waters
UoM Total
2018 2019 2020
Total water withdrawal from, including mining and drainage waters ths m3 / t 224,166 190,104 226,592
Specific water withdrawal from, including mining and drainage waters m3 /t 7.29 5.85 6.70
Total water withdrawal from, excluding mining and drainage waters, and waste water from other waste water discharge systems ths m3 / t 107,987 106,593 118,805
Specific water withdrawal from, excluding mining and drainage waters, and waste water from other waste water discharge systems m3 /t 3.51 3.28 3.51
Total water discharge by source, ths m3
2018 2019 2020
Water discharge into surface waters
Total water discharge into surface waters: 185,621 152,223 188,455
mining water 111,213 79,933 104,475
drainage water 4,965 3,577 3,312
waste water from other waste-water discharge systems 9,500 5,494 15,901
Supplies to third parties
Total water supplies to third parties: 4,035 4,118 4,147
waste water to the public water discharge system (after use) 3,458 3,170 3,314
waste water to the public water discharge system (unused) 56 448 399
water supplies to third parties from surface sources 498 466 417
water supplies to third parties from municipal sources 23 34 17
TOTAL 189,656 156,341 192,602
Treated effluents (reused in the production cycle)
Asset 2018 2019 2020
Total, mln m3 224.0 231.5 240.4
Share of reused water, % 87 87 88
Water consumption, ths m3
GRI 303–5 Water consumption Total
2018 2019 2020
Total water withdrawal (all sources) 224,166 190,104 225,849
Total water discharge (all sources) 189,656 156,341 192,602
Water consumption 34,510 33,763 33,990
Water discharge in 2020, mln m3
Indicator Kirovsk branch Balakovo branch Volkhov branch Apatit (Vologda region) Total
Waste water discharge 173.7 0 0 14.8 188.5
Discharged without treatment (% of total water discharge) 0 0 0 0 0
Waste water discharge at Apatit
Waste water discharge Receiving water body
Kirovsk branch
Discharge 1. Industrial waters at ANBP-3 Zhemchuzhnaya River
Discharge 2. Industrial waters at ANBP-2 Belaya River
Discharge 3. Rainwater at ANBP-2 Belaya River
Discharge 4. Mining waters of the combined Kirovsky, Central and Rasvumchorrsky mines Lake Bolshoi Vudyavr
Discharge 6. Waters of the wells installed at the Vostochny mine to reduce groundwater level Vuonnemyok River
Discharge 5. Mining waters of the Koashva and Njorkpahk open pits Lake Kitchepahk
Discharge 8. Mining waters of the Koashva and Njorkpahk open pitsThe resolution on Discharge 8 ceased to have effect on 12 May 2020. Discharge 8 was closed down. Lake Kitchepahk
Discharge 9. Waters of water-lowering wells of the Vostochny mineOn 3 July 2020, a new resolution was recorded in the State Water Register for the Vuonnemyok River, with the former Discharge 6 split into two, Discharge 6 and Discharge 9. Vuonnemyok River
Apatit (Vologda region)
Effluents from the phosphate facility Rybinsk Reservoir
Effluents from the nitrogen facility Rybinsk Reservoir
Biodiversity protection
103 304-2 304-3

Before building any new production facilities or renovating existing ones, PhosAgro conducts an environmental impact assessment (EIA) based on the results of engineering and environmental surveys that provide deep insights into the local flora, fauna and landscapes. EIAs help identify all potential environmental and public health impacts of business or other projects, determine the respective risk levels and assess their adverse economic and social effects. If needed, a plan can be developed to mitigate these risks. EIAs also offer a look into public attitudes to matters like protecting biodiversity, with the findings incorporated later in the decision-making.

In early 2021, PhosAgro’s Environmental Policy was amended to set forth the Company’s obligations to preserve biodiversity, natural landscapes and habitats across its footprint and prevent its projects from causing any harm to the same.

Since 2020, with research institutions engaged, we have also been working on a programme that will establish our priorities in protecting biodiversity based on indicator species monitoring and help us check and restore the ecosystem health across our footprint.

The document, which we expect to submit to the Sustainable Development Committee in late 2021, will include a programme we adopted a few years ago to promote reproduction of aquatic biological resources.

Fish released in 2020
Asset Species Quantity Water body
Apatit (Vologda region) Juvenile carp 6,500 Gorky Reservoir
Pike larvae 654,400 Rybinsk Reservoir
Balakovo branch Juvenile carp 25,000 Volgograd Reservoir
Juvenile silver carp 20,000 Volgograd Reservoir
Juvenile silver carp 440 Volgograd Reservoir
Sterlet year ling 471 Volgograd Reservoir
Juvenile carp 26,393 Saratov Reservoir
Volkhov branch Char 2,116 Lake Ladoga
Kirovsk branch Juvenile Atlantic salmon 4,000 Umba River
Total 739,320
Fish released in 2019
Asset Species Quantity Water body
Apatit (Vologda region) Juvenile carp 6,500 Gorky Reservoir
Balakovo branch Juvenile carp 30,000 Volgograd Reservoir
Juvenile silver carp 25,000 Volgograd Reservoir
Kirovsk branch Sterlet year ling 84,353 Sukhona River
Juvenile Atlantic salmon (2 yrs) 2,130 Umba River
Total 147,983
Fish released in 2018
Asset Species Quantity Water body
Apatit (Vologda region) Juvenile carp 6,500 Gorky Reservoir
Balakovo branch Juvenile carp 45,000 Volgograd Reservoir
Juvenile silver carp 45,000 Volgograd Reservoir
Juvenile carp 16,620 Saratov Reservoir
Juvenile silver carp 10,140 Saratov Reservoir
Metachem Juvenile whitefish 2,276 Volkhov River
Kirovsk branch Juvenile Atlantic salmon 5,000 Umba River
Total 130,536

Key activities in 2020

  • PhosAgro takes part in the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. PhosAgro published its climate reporting for the second time. As a result, the Company’s CDP rating was raised from C to B- (on an A–F scale, where A is the best possible score). The improvement is associated with work on the implementation of the Company’s climate strategy, which includes development and analysis of climate scenarios, a climate risk assessment, emissions reduction targets and a low-carbon transition plan, as well as improved non-financial disclosure.
  • Another project included developing and deploying a technology allowing for the use of phosphogypsum (phosphoric acid production by-product) in road construction. In June, IFA included this project in the Phosphogypsum: Leadership, Innovation, Partnership report as an innovative practice in waste by-product management illustrating transition to a circular economy.

Key projects

  • The Company delivered on its commitment to install and launch a fixed station for air quality control, the first facility of its kind in Volkhov and the Leningrad region. The station assesses air quality in the ground layer of the atmosphere against permissible concentrations and informs local residents accordingly via the website of the Volkhov municipal district administration. The site for the station was selected following public discussions and approved by the Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing (Rospotrebnadzor) in the Leningrad region.
Energy efficiency

Developing energy efficiency management system in 2020

In the reporting period, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the Climate Strategy, with its key elements made part of the Company’s Corporate Strategy to 2025 (Strategy to 2025).

An important milestone was the approval of Apatit’s Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving Policy. The Policy sets out the following key goals:

  • continuously improving energy efficiency;
  • using energy resources in a sustainable and efficient manner;
  • streamlining the energy management process for all types of operating activities.

To implement the provisions of Strategy 2025 and obligations listed in Apatit’s Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving Policy, in August the Board of Directors’ Sustainable Development Committee approved a unified Energy Efficiency Programme in addition to existing energy efficiency programmes at each of the Company’s four production sites. The Programme comprises over 20 measures to develop the following aspects.

The initiative timelines range from several months to two years and are regularly monitored by the Board of Directors’ Sustainable Development Committee. The Energy Efficiency Programme is open to updates and additions, with new proposals considered on an ongoing basis.

The Programme’s implementation is reviewed by the Board of Directors once every six months. Since the Company has approved and carried out a number of initiatives expected to deliver strong results, this will have a positive effect on energy consumption in 2021.

The activities of the Energy Efficiency Program are aimed at developing the following areas:

in-house power generation through utilisation of sulphuric acid production steam;

increase of the share of renewable energy sources;

introduction of technologies aimed at loss reduction and energy savings (e.g. LED lighting, frequency converters, less heat energy losses).

Key initiatives of the Energy Efficiency Programme for 2020–2021

Project Details and effect Spending, RUB mln Completion
Implemented in 2020

Construction of the SK 3300 plant at the phosphate facility of Apatit

SK 3300 generates steam in the amount of 175 t/h for the thermal power station. With the power generation remaining unchanged (no installed capacity added), this helps reduce natural gas consumption by some 135 mln m3 per year 10,500.0 2020

Installation of the 45kW+ solar power station at Apatit’s Balakovo branch (Phase 1)

Solar power station pilot running at two production sites of the Company is geared towards assessing the potential of solar energy and the viability of a further scale-up 4.5 (Phases 1 the 25kW and 2 the 20kW in total) 2020
2021 target

Installation of the 45kW+ solar power station at Apatit’s Balakovo branch (Phase 2)

Phase 2 of the project to replace third-party electricity supply with an alternative energy source (solar panel). 4.5 (Phases 1 and 2 in total) Q2

Construction of a thermal power station with a 34 MW high-efficiency electric turbine and a water treatment system at Apatit’s Volkhov branch

Project seeks to cut electricity costs through the utilisation of process steam from the new sulphuric acid plant at the thermal power station of Apatit’s Volhov branch, with the objective of providing all of the site’s consumers with low-grade steam. This will also significantly reduce the need to purchase electricity from third-party power suppliers 3,000.0 Q4

Upgrade of the lighting system at the granulated sulphur warehouse, LED lights installation

Energy savings due to replacing mercury lamps with LED ones 1.5 Q2

Upgrade of the lighting system to LED at ANBP-2 of Apatit’s Kirovsk branch

A 0.5 MW reduction in annual energy consumption, lower maintenance and repair costs 42.0 Q4

Transfer by river water between c. 911 and 901 for boiler blowdown tank cooling

Reduced water consumption, cost cutting 0.5 Q4

Energy efficiency metrics

In 2020, the Company’s production facilities were 39.8% self-sufficient in terms of electricity needs, which is 0.4% less than in 2019. In absolute terms, the electricity generated by PhosAgro went up by 22 mln kWh year-on-year (the increase in total electricity consumption in 2020 was 89 mln kWh, with the new facilities commissioned). In 2021, the share of electricity generated in-house is likely to increase due to the planned launch of the 34 MW thermal power station at the Volkhov branch.

In-house electricity generation with the use of secondary products
Asset In-house electricity generation, mln kWh Electricity generated through utilisation of sulphuric acid production steam
mln kWh %
Apatit (Vologda region) 1,167.0 534.2 45.8
Balakovo branch 355.1 346.2 97.5

Initiatives 2020

PhosAgro launched a project to use renewable energy sources at its production and social facilities, with the Izumrud corporate health resort in Balakovo becoming a pilot site. The first 25 kW solar power plant was installed on the roof of the resort’s medical treatment building. The spring of 2021 will see similar panels installed on Izumrud’s hotel building, resulting in a total capacity of 45 kW. It is also planned to test the technology at the Company’s chemical facility in Balakovo to assess the viability of a further scale-up.

Apatit’s Kirov branch signed a contract with TGC-1 to purchase electricity generated by hydroelectric power plants. As at January 2021, the amount of green energy supplied stood at 100 MW, which covers over 60 % of the plant’s output. Entering into a power supply contract with TGC-1 is yet another step toward achieving our goal to reduce GHG emissions (Scope 2). This will help diminish the carbon footprint and make our products more attractive for international customers.

The Group’s facilities widely use LED lighting, which has made it possible to cut lighting costs by 2–2.5 times. The lighting system of Apatit’s apatite-nepheline beneficiation plant (ANBP-3) was upgraded to LED in 2019, and a similar project will be implemented at ANBP-2 in 2021. These initiatives serve to reduce GHG emissions and, consequently, the carbon footprint of the Company’s finished products.

PhosAgro’s energy consumptionThe cost of electricity per finished products
302-1 302-3
Unit Total for production assets
2018 2019 2020
Purchased electricity mln kWh 2,165.56 2,234.57 2,300.77
Purchased electricity (per unit) ths kWh/t 0.071 0.069 0.068
Produced electricity (non-renewables) mln kWh 1,485.00 1,500.11 1,519.00
Produced electricity (non-renewables), per unit ths kWh/t 0.048 0.046 0.045
Internal use electricity mln kWh 3,650.57 3,734.68 3,819.77
Internal use electricity (per unit) ths kWh/t 0.119 0.115 0.113
Electricity cost RUB bln 8.919 10.286 10.418
Heat energy
Produced by TPPs ths Gcal 2,847.59 2,742.82 2,435.44
Produced by boilers (steam) ths Gcal 1,055.83 1,121.49 1,030.34
Purchased (in hot water) ths Gcal 388.07 406.60 374.54
Sold (in hot water) ths Gcal 178.01 155.46 200.78
Exhaust steam ths Gcal 6,854.24 7,215.41 8,091.16
Internal use heat energy ths Gcal 10,967.71 11,330.87 11,730.70
Internal use heat energy (per unit) ths Gcal/t 0.357 0.349 0.347
Heat energy cost RUB bln 10.009 10.748 10.491
Natural gas
Natural gas for production purposes mln m3 2,667.47 2,704.24 2,699.88
Natural gas consumption (per unit) ths m3 / t 0.087 0.083 0.079
Natural gas cost RUB bln 11.467 12.058 12.413
LNG consumption t 2,704.60 3,134.80 2,273.40
LNG cost RUB bln 0.076 0.091 0.069
Fuel oil
Fuel oil consumption t 147,976.68 154,132.80 146,785.80
Fuel oil cost RUB bln 2.200 2.538 1.551
Heating oil
Heating oil consumption t 697.43 703.30 725.50
Heating oil cost RUB bln 0.004 0.004 0.004
Diesel fuel
Diesel fuel consumption thou t 40,343.58 40,071.98 53,054.25
Diesel fuel cost RUB bln 1.769 2.100 2.268